Construction often involves risky and complex operations. Learn the purpose, content and format of one of the most essential documents in Construction Management: the Method Statement.
What is a Method Statement?
In construction management Method statements are an essential part of the planning process.
Construction contractors use method statements to explain proposed working methods and to demonstrate the duration and sequence of work. Method Statements should be succient and clear enough to be used in "toolbox talks" for construction workers on site. stakeholdermap.com
Types of statement
Cooke and Williams
group method statements into three types:
- Tender Method Statement
- Construction Work Method Statement
- Safety Method Statement
(Cooke and Williams, 2004. pg 93 - 95
Each method statement type serves a different purpose, but is still designed to communicate clearly and succinctly a well-developed and agreed process.
Contents, goal and audience of each type of Method Statement
|Method Statement Type
||Goal of this statement type
||Typical headings in this type of method statement
Tender Method Statement
- To show how the contract will be delivered with time scales
- Demonstrate measurement of, and approach to quality
- To illustrate the method of working.
- To aid the estimator in building up rates.
- To aid the client in reviewing contractors' methods of operation during the tender stage.
- Training methods and proposed sub-contractors
- Assess the likely machinery and equipment (plant) requirements
|Client, Estimator, Planners, Business Development, Sales and Technical sales
- Operation/Construction activity
- Resources (plant & labour)
- Construction Management and reporting
- General procedures (health and safety, site waste, traffic management, permits)
Construction Work Method Statement
- To assess operation duration.
- To plan team (gang) make up.
- Plan activities in detail constructing a logical sequence.
- To communicate the method to all those working on site.
- To aid progress reporting.
- Assist in communicating progress & sequence of tasks to the client.
|Client, Construction Manager, Foreman, Supervisors, On site gang, Technical staff, Trades, Sub-contractors
Depending on the level of detail the topics in a construction method statement would typically include:
- Scope of Work
- Access / Egress
- Sequence / Method
- Plant & equipment
- Temp. works
- Emergency plans
- Training & Supervision
- Working Hours & housekeeping
- Remarks (notes)
Safety Method Statement
- To show approach to health & safety for hazardous activities.
- To document personal protective equipment required.
- To show first aid and emergency procedures.
- Forms part of the Health and Safety plan.
- To assist in managing residual risks.
- To communicate control measures & work method.
|Primarily the audience should be the on site operatives e.g. supervisors, the foreman, the gang doing the work.
- Potential Hazard
- Work sequence
- Supervision and monitoring
- Emergency procedures
- First Aid
- PPE schedules
- Training controls
Tips for completing the Construction and Safety Method Statements
When it comes to the Construction and Safety Method Statements Paul Reeve and John Carpenter
explain that less is more. The audience for these method statements are the on site operatives, as such the statements need to be concise and focused only on the work to be carried out. They don't need references to policies, legislation, or regulations, and they don't need to contain anything not aimed at those managing, supervising or doing the work (Reeve & Carpenter, Health and Safety at work, 2013
Read more on Construction Management
Read an introduction to Construction Management
Understand what the Risks are in Construction Management and how to manage them
Download a Safety Method Statement Template
Get a list of the Stakeholders in Construction Projects
Method Statements - References
Cooke, B. and Williams, P. 2004. Construction Planning, Programming & Control
. Buy latest edition. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Health and Safety at Work, Reeve, P. and Carpenter, J. 2013. Method Statements: Less is more. [online] Available at: https://www.healthandsafetyatwork.com/risk-assessment/method-statements
[Accessed 30 April 2017].